The Era of Personalized Cancer Therapeutics

  Isabel Levy & Seema Bachoo Glossary Adoptive T cell transfer, Allosteric site, Clonal expansion, CRISPR-Cas9, DNA, DNA sequencing, EGFR, ‘Gain-of-function’ mutation, Genome, Genomic Instability, GTPase, GDP, GTP, Kinase, ‘Loss-of-function’ mutation, MAPK signaling pathway, Mutation, Oncogene/Proto-oncogene,  Personalized Cancer Medicine, PI3K pathway, RAS, TP53 gene, Tumor suppressor gene   Background Cancer: a disease of the genome […]

Genomics: The Advent of Preventative Medicine?

Olivia Crossley   Glossary Amniocentesis, Cell, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,  Chorionic villus sampling,  Chromosome, COVID-19, CRISPR-Cas9,  Cystic fibrosis, DNA, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Etiology, Familial Hypercholesterolemia, Gene, Genetic Counselling, Genetic Testing, Hemophilia, Leopard syndrome, Mucopolysaccharidosis type I,  Noncoding DNA, Parkinson’s disease, Pharmacogenomics, Phenylketonuria, Precision Medicine, Prenatal testing,  Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disorder, Spinal Muscular Atrophy   What is […]

COVID-19: How will testing and vaccines have to adapt to new variants?

Joana Vidigueira   Abbreviations SARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, CoV: coronavirus, MERS: Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome, DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid, RNA: ribonucleic acid, ACE2: angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, APC: antigen presenting cells, mRNA: messenger RNA, RT-PCR: reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction Introduction Viruses are biological agents that are only able to survive and multiply within a living […]

Pharmacogenomics: The future of medicine?

Celeste Cohen           Picture credit: National Human Genome Research Institute         Note: All terms shown in bold are defined in the glossary at the end of the article. Defining Pharmacogenomics From chemotherapy to HIV drugs, the past century has seen rapid advances in medical innovation, which have given rise to a wide range […]